Tostones, also known as patacones in certain regions, are a staple in the culinary traditions of many Latin American countries, including Costa Rica. These twice-fried slices of green plantains offer a delightful combination of a crispy exterior and a tender interior, making them a popular choice as a side dish, snack, or even as a base for appetizers. Here’s an in-depth look at tostones, including how to make them at home and some variations, including a healthier air fryer option.


What Are Tostones?


Tostones are made from unripe, green plantains. Unlike their ripe counterparts, green plantains are starchy and not sweet, resembling the texture and taste of potatoes rather than bananas. To prepare tostones, the green plantains are peeled, sliced, fried, flattened, and then fried again until they achieve a golden, crispy texture. This method brings out a savory flavor that pairs well with a variety of toppings and dipping sauces such as garlic sauce, salt, or a simple lime squeeze.


Traditional Preparation of Tostones



– Green plantains

– Cooking oil (traditionally, coconut or vegetable oil)

– Salt (to taste)



  1. Peel the Plantains: Start by cutting off the ends of the plantain. Make a lengthwise incision through the skin, being careful not to cut into the flesh. Remove the skin in strips.
  2. Slice the Plantains: Cut the plantain into thick slices, about 1 to 1.5 inches thick.
  3. Fry the Slices: Heat oil in a deep skillet over medium-high heat. Add the plantain slices and fry until they are lightly golden but not browned, about 1.5 to 2 minutes on each side.
  4. Flatten the Plantains: Remove the slices from the oil and drain on paper towels. Using a tostonera (a special wooden press for tostones) or the bottom of a heavy glass, flatten each slice to about half its original thickness.
  5. Fry Again: Return the flattened plantains to the hot oil and fry until crispy and golden brown, about 2-3 minutes on each side. Drain on paper towels and sprinkle with salt while still hot.


Variations and Modern Twists


Air Fryer Tostones: For a healthier version, you can use an air fryer to make tostones with significantly less oil. 


Air Fryer Instructions:

– Follow the initial steps of peeling and slicing the plantains.

– Brush the slices lightly with oil and place them in the air fryer basket.

– Set the air fryer to 350°F (177°C) and cook for about 6 minutes, then flatten the slices.

– Brush the flattened plantains with a little more oil, then return them to the air fryer for another 6-8 minutes or until golden and crispy.


Tostones with Different Toppings:


– Cheese: Add a slice of cheese between the first and second fry for a deliciously melted treat.

– Garlic and Herbs: Mix crushed garlic and chopped herbs with olive oil, and brush on the tostones after the second fry.

– Spicy Tostones: Sprinkle with cayenne pepper or drizzle with hot sauce before serving for an extra kick.


Serving and Enjoying Tostones


Tostones can be enjoyed on their own or with a variety of accompaniments. They are commonly served with a dipping sauce such as mojo (a garlic sauce), or with ají (a spicy sauce). They make an excellent side dish for fish, and grilled meats, or can be topped with ceviche or avocado salad for a refreshing combination.


Whether traditionally fried or made in an air fryer for a healthier alternative, tostones are a versatile and beloved part of Latin American cuisine. Making them at home can be a fun and rewarding culinary adventure, allowing you to customize them to your taste preferences.

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